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polyacrylamide hydrolysis function

  • Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid-acrylamide ...

    1988-5-1 · The hydrolysis of acrylamide-acrylic acid copolymers has been studied as a function of pH and of the initial composition of the samples. Our experimental results confirm the intramolecular catalysis by neighbouring undissociated carboxylate groups for 3 < pH < 5, as already demonstrated by Smets et al., and the catalysis of OH − ions with ...

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  • Acid hydrolysis reaction of polyacrylamide and its ...

    2015-8-1 · Polyacrylamide PAM acidic hydrolysis, in addition to the AM structure produced by hydrolysis of carboxyl, but also prone to imidization. This reaction increases with the increase of the acidity of the ring, and even becomes the main reaction in the acid condition. In the case of PH 4, 3, 10% of the acyl groups were generated at 40, 6 h, 10% h ...

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  • The Effect of Hyrolysis of Polyacrylamide on Solution ...

    Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide will increase both the measured and relative viscosity in both fresh water and NaCl brines. However, these polymers are sensitive to divalent ions. The higher the percent hydrolysis, the more polyacrylamides are affected by the divalent ions and at the 35% hydrolysis level may begin to precipitate.

    Get Price
  • Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid–acrylamide ...

    The hydrolysis of polyamides has been studied in buffered acid solution at 110°C. at an amide concentration of 0.05 M.In the case of polyacrylamide, the reaction was carried out in acetate buffer at different values of the ratio r (acetic acid/sodium acetate). The initial velocity is low and is proportional to the concentration of acetic acid; the rate constant is equal to 2.6 × 10 −6 ...

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  • Hydrolysis and Precipitation of Polyacrylamides in Hard ...

    Partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamides used for EOR are Partially hydrolyzedpolyacrylamides used for EOR are known to be sensitive to temperature anddivalent ions. The amide groups present in these polymers will hydrolyze inaqueous solutions to an extent that depends on pH and temperature.

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  • Theoretical studies of hydrolysis and stability of ...

    2015-11-1 · Fig. 1. Molecular structures of (a) Polyacrylamide (PAM), (b) Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide, and (c) Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide (HPAM). Where X and Y are numbers of amide and carboxylic groups in polymer. Because our studies mainly focus on the hydrolysis reaction of the amide group, we model the PAM with a dangling –CONH 2 group ...

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  • Alkaline Hydrolysis of Polyacrylamide | SpringerLink

    2018-9-7 · The hydrolyzed form of polyacrylamide (HPAM), a co-polymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid, is the most widely used anionic PAM in oil and gas development as well as in …

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  • Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in ...

    2016-12-1 · Muller et al. , proposed that polyacrylamides would hydrolyze under slightly acidic conditions (pH = 4), and reported that the molecular weight of the polymer remained relatively stable during hydrolysis. Thomas et al. , investigated the effects of different pH conditions and reaction times on the hydrolysis process. Results indicate that low pH conditions and long reaction times allow for nearly complete hydrolysis …

    Get Price
  • Investigation of the degradation and stability of ...

    2019-4-8 · Partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) is the water-soluble polymer most often used in flooding applications in the petroleum industry. However, in aqueous solutions at high temperatures, HPAM undergoes hydrolysis of the lateral amide groups, and the presence of salts in the solution can lead to precipitation of this polymer.

    Get Price
  • The Effect of Hyrolysis of Polyacrylamide on Solution ...

    Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide will increase both the measured and relative viscosity in both fresh water and NaCl brines. However, these polymers are sensitive to divalent ions. The higher the percent hydrolysis, the more polyacrylamides are affected by the divalent ions and at the 35% hydrolysis level may begin to precipitate.

    Get Price
  • Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid–acrylamide ...

    The hydrolysis of polyamides has been studied in buffered acid solution at 110°C. at an amide concentration of 0.05 M.In the case of polyacrylamide, the reaction was carried out in acetate buffer at different values of the ratio r (acetic acid/sodium acetate). The initial velocity is low and is proportional to the concentration of acetic acid; the rate constant is equal to 2.6 × 10 −6 ...

    Get Price
  • Hydrolysis-induced large swelling of polyacrylamide ...

    Polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels are widely used and studied. Their feature of hydrolysis is often ignored. When PAAm hydrogels are stored under alkaline conditions, they can undergo a hydrolysis reaction, which changes them from neutral hydrogels to polyelectrolyte hydrogels, resulting in significant volumet

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide. I. Polymer content and hydrolysis level ...

    1980-1-1 · Polyacrylamide. I. Polymer content and hydrolysis level determination by potentiometric titration Polyacrylamide. I. Polymer content and hydrolysis level determination by potentiometric titration St. Kenyeres, J.; Ursu, V. 1980-01-01 00:00:00 A method of determining the degree of hydrolysis by potentiometric titration of polyacrylamide (PAA) with HCl and NaOH was developed.

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  • Polyacrylamide, Process technology comparison of ...

    It is mainly composed of post-hydrolysis reactor, post-hydrolysis material box, regranulator, feed fan and ammonia exhaust fan. Its function is to transform non-ionic polyacrylamide into anionic polyacrylamide through hydrolysis reaction. The material from the polymerization process is driven into the post-hydrolysis reactor by the relay fan.

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  • Alkaline Hydrolysis of Polyacrylamide | SpringerLink

    1991-10-1 · Effect of dose rate on water absorption of partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide-co-poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) superabsorbents. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 1998, 52 (1-6) , 217-221. DOI: 10.1016/S0969-806X(98)00143-1. Suda Kiatkamjornwong, Piriyatorn Suwanmala.

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  • Effect of the degree of hydrolysis of polyacrylamide on ...

    2019-4-8 · Partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) is the water-soluble polymer most often used in flooding applications in the petroleum industry. However, in aqueous solutions at high temperatures, HPAM undergoes hydrolysis of the lateral amide groups, and the presence of salts in the solution can lead to precipitation of this polymer.

    Get Price
  • Hydrolysis and thermal stability of partially hydrolyzed ...

    2010-3-26 · Generation of Type I Collagen Gradient in Polyacrylamide Hydrogels by a Simple Diffusion-Controlled Hydrolysis of ... Many researches have demonstrated that the scaffolds and growth factors effectively function to enhance the regeneration of various tissues [3]. ... hydrolysis of amide groups are key to control the concentration gradients of ...

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  • Generation of Type I Collagen Gradient in Polyacrylamide ...

    2020-12-30 · Experiment #3, place 100 ml of the polyacrylamide solution recovered at the end of step (6) in a 250 ml Erlenmeyer flask, add 112 ml of 10% wt/vol NaOH s olution in water (provided by TA). Stopper and label “Sodium Polyacrlyate for Exp# 3” with your Team #). Note: Stir thoroughly to ensure complete hydrolysis, especially if viscous.

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  • Hydrolysis of cationic polyacrylamide and its effect on ...

    2021-7-1 · Hydrolysis of Cationic Polyacrylamide and its Effect on Flocculation of Ground Calcium Carbonate Dongil Seo, Kyudeok Oh, Wanhee Im, and Hak Lae Lee * Cationic polyacrylamides (C-PAMs) have been widely used as flocculating agents to aggregate particles carrying negatively charged surfaces.

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  • Polyacrylamide, Process technology comparison of ...

    It is mainly composed of post-hydrolysis reactor, post-hydrolysis material box, regranulator, feed fan and ammonia exhaust fan. Its function is to transform non-ionic polyacrylamide into anionic polyacrylamide through hydrolysis reaction. The material from the polymerization process is driven into the post-hydrolysis reactor by the relay fan.

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide. I. Polymer content and hydrolysis level ...

    1980-1-1 · Polyacrylamide. I. Polymer content and hydrolysis level determination by potentiometric titration Polyacrylamide. I. Polymer content and hydrolysis level determination by potentiometric titration St. Kenyeres, J.; Ursu, V. 1980-01-01 00:00:00 A method of determining the degree of hydrolysis by potentiometric titration of polyacrylamide (PAA) with HCl and NaOH was developed.

    Get Price
  • Hydrolysis-induced large swelling of polyacrylamide ...

    Polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels are widely used and studied. Their feature of hydrolysis is often ignored. When PAAm hydrogels are stored under alkaline conditions, they can undergo a hydrolysis reaction, which changes them from neutral hydrogels to polyelectrolyte hydrogels, resulting in significant volumetric increases.

    Get Price
  • Synthesis and evaluation of partially hydrolysed ...

    2016-7-20 · of hydrolysis .of the PHPA was determined by es-timating the nitrogen content by Kjeldahl method. The characteristics of PHPA are presented in Table 1. Molecular weight distribution of polyacrylamide was studied by fractionation method. About 10 g of polyacrylamide was dissolved in 500 mL dis-tilled water to make a 2% solution. It was then

    Get Price
  • Effect of the degree of hydrolysis of polyacrylamide on ...

    1991-10-1 · Effect of dose rate on water absorption of partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide-co-poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) superabsorbents. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 1998, 52 (1-6) , 217-221. DOI: 10.1016/S0969-806X(98)00143-1. Suda Kiatkamjornwong, Piriyatorn Suwanmala.

    Get Price
  • Experiment 1: Polymerization of acrylamide in water

    2020-12-30 · Experiment #3, place 100 ml of the polyacrylamide solution recovered at the end of step (6) in a 250 ml Erlenmeyer flask, add 112 ml of 10% wt/vol NaOH s olution in water (provided by TA). Stopper and label “Sodium Polyacrlyate for Exp# 3” with your Team #). Note: Stir thoroughly to ensure complete hydrolysis, especially if viscous.

    Get Price
  • Nonionic polyacrylamide flopam AH912 can be replaced by ...

    Nonionic polyacrylamide flopam AH912 can be replaced by Chinafloc N0310. Flopam AH912 is a kind of nonionic polyacrylamide with very lower hydrolysis degree and high molecular weight from SNF. Chinafloc N0310 can replace of FlomAH912 totally with good performance. 1. …

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  • Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based ...

    2021-6-13 · 1 Title: Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based flocculants in hydrosystems: a review 2 3 Authors: A. G. Guezennec1, C. Michel1, K.Bru1, S. Touze1, N. Desroche2, I. Mnif3, M. Motelica-Heino4 4 1 BRGM 5 2 Nexidia SAS, 15 Rue de Mayence 21000 DIJON France 36 Université de Nice 7 4 ISTO, UMR 7327 CNRS-Université d’Orléans, 1A rue de la Férollerie, 45071 Orléans …

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  • Polyacrylamide as a substrate for microbial amidase in ...

    Polyacrylamide-specific amidase activity was higher in PAM-treated soil (14.86 ± 14.0 μg NH 4 + released g-1 soil) than in untreated soil (1.02 ± 2.3 μg NH 4 + released g-1 soil); activity specific for low molecular weight amides was slightly elevated or unchanged in PAM-treated soil as compared with untreated soil.

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  • Hydrolysis of cationic polyacrylamide and its effect on ...

    2021-7-1 · Hydrolysis of Cationic Polyacrylamide and its Effect on Flocculation of Ground Calcium Carbonate Dongil Seo, Kyudeok Oh, Wanhee Im, and Hak Lae Lee * Cationic polyacrylamides (C-PAMs) have been widely used as flocculating agents to aggregate particles carrying negatively charged surfaces.

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  • Hydrolysis-induced large swelling of polyacrylamide ...

    Polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels are widely used and studied. Their feature of hydrolysis is often ignored. When PAAm hydrogels are stored under alkaline conditions, they can undergo a hydrolysis reaction, which changes them from neutral hydrogels to polyelectrolyte hydrogels, resulting in significant volumetric increases.

    Get Price
  • Method of hydrolyzing polyacrylamide - Nalco Chemical

    A polyacrylamide latex was prepared for hydrolysis studies. A two liter three-neck reaction vessel was charged with 340 g. of an isoparaffinic solvent previously described as ISO M, and having an average molecular weight of 175-180, and 20 g. of sorbitan monooleate as an emulsifier.

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  • Hydrolysis-induced large swelling of polyacrylamide ...

    2020-6-11 · Polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels are widely used and studied. Their feature of hydrolysis is often ignored. When PAAm hydrogels are stored under alkaline conditions, they can undergo a hydrolysis reaction, which changes them from neutral hydrogels to polyelectrolyte hydrogels, resulting in significant volumetric increases.

    Get Price
  • Synthesis and evaluation of partially hydrolysed ...

    2016-7-20 · of hydrolysis .of the PHPA was determined by es-timating the nitrogen content by Kjeldahl method. The characteristics of PHPA are presented in Table 1. Molecular weight distribution of polyacrylamide was studied by fractionation method. About 10 g of polyacrylamide was dissolved in 500 mL dis-tilled water to make a 2% solution. It was then

    Get Price
  • EFFECT OF INTERACTIONS BE'lWEEN SULFONATED

    2003-3-6 · however, hydrolysis can take place and the kinetics of hydrolysis is a com-plex function of temperature, polymer concentration and type and concen-tration of comonomers and hydroxyl groups on the polymer. The anionic polyacrylamide (PAMS) employed in this study contains 3 mol% of sulfonated groups; existence of some -COOH groups also cannot be

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  • (DOC) Impact of salts on polyacrylamide hydrolysis and ...

    Impact of salts on polyacrylamide hydrolysis and gelation: New insights. Ibnelwaleed Hussein. Ghaithan Al-muntasheri. mahdoi maleki. A. Sultan. Ksm Karsani. Ibnelwaleed Hussein. Ghaithan Al-muntasheri. mahdoi maleki. A. Sultan. Ksm Karsani. Related Papers. Performance of PAM/PEI gel system for water shut-off in high temperature reservoirs ...

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  • Polyacrylamide in Oilfield - Sinofloc Chemical

    2020-5-25 · Hydrolysis-induced large swelling of polyacrylamide hydrogels. Polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels are widely used and studied. Their feature of hydrolysis is often ignored. When PAAm hydrogels are stored under alkaline conditions, they can undergo a hydrolysis reaction, which changes them from neutral hydrogels to polyelectrolyte hydrogels ...

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook - SNF

    2012-7-22 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 2-2 Storage and handling of emulsions : basic principles Emulsions must be stored inside a building at a constant temperature between 5°C and 30°C. During the storage and handling, the emulsion must not be contaminated by water.

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  • Hydrolysis-induced large swelling of polyacrylamide ...

    2020-6-11 · Polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels are widely used and studied. Their feature of hydrolysis is often ignored. When PAAm hydrogels are stored under alkaline conditions, they can undergo a hydrolysis reaction, which changes them from neutral hydrogels to polyelectrolyte hydrogels, resulting in significant volumetric increases.

    Get Price
  • EFFECT OF INTERACTIONS BE'lWEEN SULFONATED

    2003-3-6 · however, hydrolysis can take place and the kinetics of hydrolysis is a com-plex function of temperature, polymer concentration and type and concen-tration of comonomers and hydroxyl groups on the polymer. The anionic polyacrylamide (PAMS) employed in this study contains 3 mol% of sulfonated groups; existence of some -COOH groups also cannot be

    Get Price
  • Method of hydrolyzing polyacrylamide - Nalco Chemical

    A polyacrylamide latex was prepared for hydrolysis studies. A two liter three-neck reaction vessel was charged with 340 g. of an iosparaffinic solvent previously described as ISO M, and having an average molecular weight of 175-180, and 20 g. of sorbitan monooleate as an emulsifier.

    Get Price
  • (DOC) Impact of salts on polyacrylamide hydrolysis and ...

    Impact of salts on polyacrylamide hydrolysis and gelation: New insights. Ibnelwaleed Hussein. Ghaithan Al-muntasheri. mahdoi maleki. A. Sultan. Ksm Karsani. Ibnelwaleed Hussein. Ghaithan Al-muntasheri. mahdoi maleki. A. Sultan. Ksm Karsani. Related Papers. Performance of PAM/PEI gel system for water shut-off in high temperature reservoirs ...

    Get Price
  • ﺪﯿﻔﻣ ىﺎﻫ ﮏﻨﯿﻟ - SID

    Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide and Investigation on its Properties A continuous process for the polymerization of acrylamide and hydrolysis of function-al groups in alkaline condition has been carried out. It was found that acrylamide may be polymerized and hydrolyzed in a single consequential step, whereby, both

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  • Introduction to polymer flooding and related agents, EOR ...

    2018-3-22 · The results indicated that the behavior of polyacrylamide depends on both the nature and extent of the hydrolysis of the polymer molecule. The higher the percent of hydrolysis, the more the polyacrylamide is affected by the divalent ions …

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  • Molecular weight characterization of polyacrylamide‐CO ...

    1992-10-5 · HUNKELER, WU, AND HAMIELEC 0.14 - 20 HYDROLYSIS DEGREE Figure 3 Refractive index increment at constant chemical potential as a function of the acrylate level in a polyacrylamide-co-sodiumacrylate. Solid line is the regressed equation, dashed lines are the 95% confidence limits.

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  • Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook - SNF

    2012-7-22 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 2-2 Storage and handling of emulsions : basic principles Emulsions must be stored inside a building at a constant temperature between 5°C and 30°C. During the storage and handling, the emulsion must not be contaminated by water.

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  • Conditioning of raw sludge and thermally hydrolyzed sludge ...

    2021-2-8 · Polyacrylamide is the collective name for thousands of organic polymer electrolytes with acrylamide as the main component. Cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) is commonly used for dewatering because sludge particles are usually negatively charged. The efficiency of sludge conditioning depends on CPAM and sludge characteristics.

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  • Superfloc N300 of nonionic polyacrylamide can be replaced ...

    1. Product characteristics of Superfloc N300,nonionic polyacrylamide . Nonionic polyacrylamide is a high polymer with high molecular weight and low ion exponent ,which has function of floculation 、dispersal、thickening、bonding、film forming、gelation and colloidal stability.it’s floculation has little influence by PH value and salt,and in the process of acid wasterwater treatment,it ...

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  • Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide - Big Chemical Encyclopedia

    Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide under basic conditions is guide rapid and can be used to introduce acrylate groups into macromolecules. At hydrolysis of polyacrylamide in 10 M NaCl at I00°C, the degree of hydrolysis becomes —95%, but in this case a …

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  • multi function partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide phpa

    PHPA Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide Suppliers Manufacturers. PHPA (also partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide or HPAM) is designed for easy mixing in drilling mud systems and to improve its dispersion to eliminate “fish eyes”, This occurs in field work when mixing either large quantities rapidly or mixing high polymer concentrations without good mixing equipment.

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  • EFFECT OF INTERACTIONS BE'lWEEN SULFONATED

    2003-3-6 · however, hydrolysis can take place and the kinetics of hydrolysis is a com-plex function of temperature, polymer concentration and type and concen-tration of comonomers and hydroxyl groups on the polymer. The anionic polyacrylamide (PAMS) employed in this study contains 3 mol% of sulfonated groups; existence of some -COOH groups also cannot be

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  • Theoretical studies of hydrolysis and stability of ...

    2015-11-1 · Search DOE PAGES for author 'Aften, Carl W.' Search DOE PAGES for ORCID '0000-0002-0179-8881' Search orcid.org for ORCID '0000-0002-0179-8881'

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  • multi-function partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide phpa

    multi-function partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide PHPA. multi-function partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide PHPA shale inhibitor and viscosifier for water based drilling fluids, US 1,000 2,000 Metric Ton, Chemical Auxiliary Agent, oil drilling and bored piling, Shandong, China.Source from Shandong Tongli Chemical Co., Ltd. on Alibaba.

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  • function well in oil drilling polyacrylamide polymer

    Polyacrylamide's function on increasing salinity in shale. 1. Introduction. Recent advances in hydraulic fracturing, horizontal drilling, and slickwater fracturing fluid technologies have caused a significant increase in unconventional hydrocarbon production (Xiong et al., 2018).These techniques are widely applied in the extraction of oil and gas from low permeability rock formations.

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  • Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook - SNF

    2012-7-22 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 2-2 Storage and handling of emulsions : basic principles Emulsions must be stored inside a building at a constant temperature between 5°C and 30°C. During the storage and handling, the emulsion must not be contaminated by water.

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  • How to Control Polyacrylamide Viscosity - Sinofloc Chemical

    Increasing the temperature could decrease the viscosity, but the effect is not significant. The viscosity of nonionic polyacrylamide solution is not affected by the pH value. However, when the PH value is over 9, the viscosity of polyacrylamide is quickly increased due to hydrolysis. At this time, the impact of PH value was revealed.

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  • Combinatorial Polyacrylamide Hydrogels for Preventing ...

    2020-5-25 · anti-biofouling function compared to existing “gold standard” materials coatings. These polyacrylamide hydrogels exhibit tunable mechanical properties, and the simplicity of their synthesis makes them highly adaptable for biosensor coatings. Although combinatorial

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  • Molecular weight characterization of polyacrylamide‐CO ...

    1992-10-5 · HUNKELER, WU, AND HAMIELEC 0.14 - 20 HYDROLYSIS DEGREE Figure 3 Refractive index increment at constant chemical potential as a function of the acrylate level in a polyacrylamide-co-sodiumacrylate. Solid line is the regressed equation, dashed lines are the 95% confidence limits.

    Get Price
  • Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid-acrylamide ...

    1988-5-1 · The hydrolysis of acrylamide-acrylic acid copolymers has been studied as a function of pH and of the initial composition of the samples. Our experimental results confirm the intramolecular catalysis by neighbouring undissociated carboxylate groups for 3 < pH < 5, as already demonstrated by Smets et al., and the catalysis of OH − ions with ...

    Get Price
  • Acid hydrolysis reaction of polyacrylamide and its ...

    2015-8-1 · Polyacrylamide PAM acidic hydrolysis, in addition to the AM structure produced by hydrolysis of carboxyl, but also prone to imidization. This reaction increases with the increase of the acidity of the ring, and even becomes the main reaction in the acid condition. In the case of PH 4, 3, 10% of the acyl groups were generated at 40, 6 h, 10% h ...

    Get Price
  • The Effect of Hyrolysis of Polyacrylamide on Solution ...

    Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide will increase both the measured and relative viscosity in both fresh water and NaCl brines. However, these polymers are sensitive to divalent ions. The higher the percent hydrolysis, the more polyacrylamides are affected by the divalent ions and at the 35% hydrolysis level may begin to precipitate.

    Get Price
  • Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid–acrylamide ...

    The hydrolysis of polyamides has been studied in buffered acid solution at 110°C. at an amide concentration of 0.05 M.In the case of polyacrylamide, the reaction was carried out in acetate buffer at different values of the ratio r (acetic acid/sodium acetate). The initial velocity is low and is proportional to the concentration of acetic acid; the rate constant is equal to 2.6 × 10 −6 ...

    Get Price
  • Hydrolysis and Precipitation of Polyacrylamides in Hard ...

    Partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamides used for EOR are Partially hydrolyzedpolyacrylamides used for EOR are known to be sensitive to temperature anddivalent ions. The amide groups present in these polymers will hydrolyze inaqueous solutions to an extent that depends on pH and temperature.

    Get Price
  • Theoretical studies of hydrolysis and stability of ...

    2015-11-1 · Fig. 1. Molecular structures of (a) Polyacrylamide (PAM), (b) Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide, and (c) Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide (HPAM). Where X and Y are numbers of amide and carboxylic groups in polymer. Because our studies mainly focus on the hydrolysis reaction of the amide group, we model the PAM with a dangling –CONH 2 group ...

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  • Alkaline Hydrolysis of Polyacrylamide | SpringerLink

    Specific features of the hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and its derivatives under various conditions are characterized. The most efficient procedures for performing hydrolysis in dilute and concentrated aqueous solutions and suspensions, as well as during acrylamide polymerization in aqueous solutions and emulsions, are discussed.

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  • Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in ...

    2018-9-7 · The hydrolyzed form of polyacrylamide (HPAM), a co-polymer of acrylamide and acrylic acid, is the most widely used anionic PAM in oil and gas development as well as in …

    Get Price
  • Investigation of the degradation and stability of ...

    2016-12-1 · Muller et al. , proposed that polyacrylamides would hydrolyze under slightly acidic conditions (pH = 4), and reported that the molecular weight of the polymer remained relatively stable during hydrolysis. Thomas et al. , investigated the effects of different pH conditions and reaction times on the hydrolysis process. Results indicate that low pH conditions and long …

    Get Price
  • Hydrolysis and thermal stability of partially hydrolyzed ...

    2019-4-8 · Partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) is the water-soluble polymer most often used in flooding applications in the petroleum industry. However, in aqueous solutions at high temperatures, HPAM undergoes hydrolysis of the lateral amide groups, and the presence of salts in the solution can lead to precipitation of this polymer.

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide: A Review of the Use, Effectiveness, and ...

    2017-3-22 · Polyacrylamide: A Review of the Use, Effectiveness, and Cost ... function in the field. Infiltration rate and aggregate stability ... acrylate groups, generally termed percent hydrolysis. The ionic charge properties of PAM play an integral role in …

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  • hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid-acrylamide

    Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid–acrylamide. The hydrolysis of polyamides has been studied in buffered acid solution at 110°C. at an amide concentration of 0.05 M.In the case of polyacrylamide, the reaction was carried out in acetate buffer at different values of the ratio r (acetic acid/sodium acetate).

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  • Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis: Advantages and ...

    Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis: Advantages and Disadvantages You must have known that agarose gel electrophoresis is generally adequate for resolving nucleic acid fragments in the size range ... The function of gel electrophoresis is to isolate cut plasmids or vectors from the uncut vectors. ... partial hydrolysis of metal alkoxides to form ...

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  • hydrolysis 15% polyacrylamide chemicals usage in

    2 天前 · Specific features of the hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and its derivatives under various conditions are characterized. The most efficient procedures for performing hydrolysis in dilute and concentrated aqueous solutions and suspensions, as well as during acrylamide polymerization in aqueous solutions and emulsions, are discussed. Get Price

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  • 5.5: Gel Electrophoresis of Proteins - Biology LibreTexts

    2021-3-5 · · The charge on an ionic molecule is a function of the pI of the molecule and the pH of the solution. If pI > pH the molecule is cationic (migrates towards cathode) ... Gel electrophoresis of proteins almost exclusively utilizes polyacrylamide. This is a polymer comprised of two covalently-linked components:

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  • Chemical flocculants - Kemira

    The types of flocculants, in other words industrial polyacrylamides, are cationic, anionic or nonionic polyacrylamides. Kemira’s polyacrylamides of wide range of charge and molecular weight are sold in dry powder or emulsion format and have excellent performance.

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  • Chemical Approaches for Structure and Function of RNA in ...

    A feasible approach is to produce large fragments (purified on 10–15% denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) and identify the overlapping oligonucleotides. Usually a limited fragmentation by a diluted endonuclease at low temperature or water hydrolysis may produce large overlapping fragments . Examination of large fragments, as done ...

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  • Saposin proteins: structure, function, and role in human ...

    lysosomal hydrolysis of a variety of sphingolipids. Characterization of these four activator proteins, two of which were recently discovered, and their importance in human health and disease are reviewed in this article.-O’Brien, J. S.; Kishimoto, Y. Saposin proteins: structure, function, and role in human lysosomal storage disorders.

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  • Plasma lipoproteins: apolipoprotein structure and function.

    2020-11-28 · A second function of specific apolipoproteins involves their role as cofators for enzymes of lifid metabolism (for review see Ref. 2). Lipoprotein lipase, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of chylomicrons and VLDL triglycerides, requires the presence of apoC-11. The LCAT reaction is activated by apoA-I, which many believe is the major

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  • Poly-Acrylamide (PAM) - NCSU

    2017-3-22 · Polyacrylamide: A Review of the Use, Effectiveness, and Cost ... function in the field. Infiltration rate and aggregate stability ... acrylate groups, generally termed percent hydrolysis. The ionic charge properties of PAM play an integral role in …

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  • Polyacrylamide: A Review of the Use, Effectiveness, and ...

    The results indicate that the degree of hydrolysis achieved after 30 days is much higher in saline solutions than in pure water, and that this effect is more pronounced at higher temperatures. For example, after 30 days at 50 °C, the hydrolysis level was observed to be 53%, rising to 65% at 70 °C and 75% at 90 °C in PAM mixed with brines.

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  • Studying the Effectiveness of Polyacrylamide (PAM ...

    Hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM), a synthetic commercial polymer, is widely used in commercial polymer floods and it is also used for mobility control of chemical floods using surfactants such as surfactant-polymer flooding and alkaline-surfactant-polymer flooding. The increase in the degree of hydrolysis of HPAM at elevated temperature or pH ...

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  • A polymer hydrolysis model and its application in chemical ...

    adshelp[at]cfa.harvard.edu The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A

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  • Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid-acrylamide ...

    Polyacrylamide gels that offer high resolution in protein separations and are more stable relative to hydrolysis than conventional polyacrylamide gels that rely on Tris or Tris-Bis as buffering agents are made by incorporating triethanolamine in place of most or all of the Tris or Tris-Bis.

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  • HYDROLYSIS-RESISTANT POLYACRYLAMIDE GELS - BIO

    Asian Drill Chem Solutions - Offering Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide, 9003-05-8, पॉलीएक्रिलएमाइड in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Get best ...

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  • Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide, 9003-05-8 ...

    2016-8-24 · Isolating [Hþ] as a function of C [eq. (3)] and applying a loga-rithm to base 10, we obtained eq. (4), which represents the de-pendence of C with respect to pH. In the case of polymer-present copolymerization or hydrolysis, the curve has a linear function (or equation) for each type of ionizable monomer that

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  • Determination of the Critical Concentration of Partially ...

    2009-3-9 · Understanding the specificity and mechanism of the hydrolysis process is key to its application, as this knowledge will help us to determine the oligosaccharide sequences obtained from partial depolymerization, in order to deduce the overall structure of the parent polysaccharides and to derive structure–function relationships for biological ...

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  • Mechanism of mild acid hydrolysis of galactan ...

    2012-4-26 · the role of ATP hydrolysis in Srs2 protein function, we have constructed two mutant variants that are altered in the Walker type A sequence involved in the binding and hydrolysis of ATP. The srs2 K41A and srs2 K41R mutant proteins are both devoid of ATPase and helicase activities and the ability to displace Rad51 from ssDNA.

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  • hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid-acrylamide

    Hydrolysis of polyacrylamide and acrylic acid–acrylamide. The hydrolysis of polyamides has been studied in buffered acid solution at 110°C. at an amide concentration of 0.05 M.In the case of polyacrylamide, the reaction was carried out in acetate buffer at different values of the ratio r (acetic acid/sodium acetate).

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  • Acrylamide in Drinking-water - WHO

    of polyacrylamide flocculants containing residual levels of acrylamide monomer. Generally, the maximum authorized dose of polymer is 1 mg/l. At a monomer content of 0.05%, this corresponds to a maximum theoretical concentration of 0.5 µg of monomer per litre in water (NSF, 1988). In practice, concentrations may be lower by a factor of 2–3.

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  • Effects of physicochemical properties of polyacrylamide ...

    Effects of physicochemical properties of polyacrylamide (PAA) and (polydimethylsiloxane) PDMS on cardiac cell behavior K. Daliri, K. Pfannkuche and B. Garipcan, Soft Matter, 2021, 17, 1156 DOI: 10.1039/D0SM01986K This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications without requesting further …

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  • Frontiers | A Novel Method for Polyacrylamide Gel ...

    Colloidal polyacrylamide: add 1 200 kg of deionized water into the hydrolysis reactor, add under stirring of acrylonitrile, 0.3 kg of aluminum hydroxide, cupric hydroxide for complex catalysis, and have hydrolysis reaction at 85~125 °C.

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  • 5.5: Gel Electrophoresis of Proteins - Biology LibreTexts

    2021-2-24 · Mechanical stimulation by the extracellular matrix (ECM) controls physiological and pathological cellular responses, such as stem cell differentiation, organogenesis, and tumor progression. Polyacrylamide (PA) gels have been widely used to study cell-ECM mechanical interactions. Typically, sulfosuccinimidyl 6-(4′-azido-2′-nitrophenylamino)hexanoate (sulfo …

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  • Synthesis and Hydrolysis of Oligodeoxyribonucleotides ...

    2021-3-5 · · The charge on an ionic molecule is a function of the pI of the molecule and the pH of the solution. If pI > pH the molecule is cationic (migrates towards cathode) ... Gel electrophoresis of proteins almost exclusively utilizes polyacrylamide. This is a polymer comprised of two covalently-linked components:

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  • Effects of Concentration of Polyacrylamide on Salt and ...

    The rate constant for each hydrolysis reaction was measured by plotting the change in UV absorbance as a function of time. The activation energy for hydrolysis was determined by measuring the reaction rate constant at several temperatures and plotting the reciprocal of the absolute temperature versus the apparent rate constant.

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  • Main Types of organic polymer flocculants - Cpolymer

    2020-7-19 · Polyacrylamide is a polymer formed from acrylamide subunits. When the cotton fabric is treated with polyacrylamide, the primary hydroxyl groups (-OH) of cellulose is partially modified into amide groups (- CONH2), hence reactive dyes can be dyed on cotton at neutral pH in the absence of electrolyte and alkali.

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  • Protein hydrolysis and fermentation under methanogenic

    2021-2-18 · Main Types of organic polymer flocculants: 1. It is made based on natural polymer organic matter and chemical treatment to increase its active group content. 2. Polyacrylamide series products synthesized by modern organic chemical methods.

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